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oil shale phosphates:

Maximum Use of Natural Resources, Oil Shale and Phosphates ...

The oil shale layers are overburden waste in the mining of phosphates, layered under the shales. Combined oil shale and phosphate mining will lead to maximum use of resources, reduction of emissions as compared to mining separately, prevention of self-combustion risks for the mined oil shale, and reduction of the need for oil shale mining in ...

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PHOSPHATIC OIL SHALES NEAR DELL AND DILLON,

PHOSPHATIC OIL SHALES IN BEAVEEHEAD COUNTY, MONT. 319 shale may have an important technologic application, as the oil in the shale might be used as fuel to calcine the phosphate if calcination is desirable. A more promising investigation, however, would be directed to the utilization of the ammonia in the oil to produce

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Phosphorus removal using Ca-rich hydrated oil shale ash as ...

We studied the phosphorus (P) binding capacity of Ca-rich alkaline filter material - hydrated oil shale ash (i.e. hydrated ash) in two onsite pilot-scale experiments (with subsurface flow filters) in Estonia: one using pre-treated municipal wastewater with total phosphorus (TP) concentration of 0.13-17.0 mg L(-1) over a period of 6 months, another using pre-treated landfill leachate

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Phosphorus removal using Ca-rich hydrated oil shale ash as ...

Oct 01, 2010  We studied the phosphorus (P) binding capacity of Ca-rich alkaline filter material – hydrated oil shale ash (i.e. hydrated ash) in two onsite pilot-scale experiments (with subsurface flow filters) in Estonia: one using pre-treated municipal wastewater with total phosphorus (TP) concentration of 0.13–17.0 mg L −1 over a period of 6 months, another using pre-treated

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(PDF) An overview of the Jordanian oil shale: Its chemical ...

Thus, oil shale's future will be a mixture of promise and risk. However, oil shale can be considered, as Jordan's most extensive domestic fossil

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oil shale National Geographic Society

Mar 04, 2013  Oil shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is rich in kerogen. Kerogen is a part of rock that breaks down and releases hydrocarbons when heated. Hydrocarbons are substances made entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Petroleum and natural gas are probably the most familiar hydrocarbons. The hydrocarbons in oil shale can be used as an alternative to petroleum or

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Oil Shale Deposits Maps, Geology Resources

Oil shale is a rock that contains significant amounts of organic material in the form of kerogen. Up to 1/3 of the rock can be solid organic material. Liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons can be extracted from the oil shale, but the rock must be heated and/or treated with solvents.

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(PDF) Geological Overview of Oil Shale - ResearchGate

Oil shale, also known as kerogen shale, is an organic-rich fine-grained sedimentary. rock containing kerogen (a solid mixture of organic chemical compounds) from wh ich. liquid hydrocarbons called ...

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Oil Shale Processing - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Mar 15, 2011  Sohrab Zendehboudi PhD, Alireza Bahadori PhD, CEng, in Shale Oil and Gas Handbook, 2017. 2 Description of Oil Shale Processing. Shale oil processing is defined as an industrial process to which raw shale oil is subjected to extract oil from it—basically a process to produce unconventional oil [1].Because shale oil exists as solid sedimentary rocks, its

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AND ADJACENT PARTS OF WYOMING AND UTAH. By D. DALE

the high-grade phosphate rock of those areas might prove to be rich in shale oil. The results of the investigation may be briefly summarized as follows. In the Dillon-Dell area, where the Phosphoria oil shale is at its best, the richest beds of 3 feet or more in thickness yield 25 to 30 gallons of oil to the ton.

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Methanogenesis and sulfur-cycling in Eocene phosphatic ...

The precipitation of microcrystalline phosphate is linked directly to the preservation of microfossils, in carbonate oil shale from the Uinta formation of the Eocene Green River Formation. Sampled intervals of this organic-rich carbonate mudrock contain elevated concentrations of carbon and phosphorus (e.g. Keighley, 2018), within which ...

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Report to Congress: Wastes from the Extraction and ...

Extraction and Beneficiation of Metallic Ores, Phosphate Rock, Asbestos, Overburden from Uranium Mining, and Oil Shale" presenting the results of studies carried out pursuant to Sections 8002 (f) and (p) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended, (42 U.S.C. SS6982 (f) and (p)).

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Active filtration of phosphorus on Ca-rich hydrated oil ...

May 15, 2009  The purpose of this research was to investigate the phosphorus binding capacity of active filtration through hydrated Ca-rich oil shale ash sediment in a laboratory-scale experiment at different retention times. Three column experiments were established with hydraulic loading rates of 12 L d(-1), 18 L d(-1), and 24 L d(-1), with residence times ...

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Phosphatized tungsten‐metabolizing coccoid microbes ...

Microscopic globular structures have been observed in some beds of oil shale from eastern Utah. These beds comprise carbonate‐dominated mud that is interlaminated with variably thick and continuous organic‐rich layers. Collectively they are enriched in phosphorus, REEs, and actinides. The beds are considered of lacustrine origin and assigned to the Eocene Green River Formation.

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oil shale National Geographic Society

Mar 04, 2013  Oil shale is a type of sedimentary rock that is rich in kerogen. Kerogen is a part of rock that breaks down and releases hydrocarbons when heated. Hydrocarbons are substances made entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Petroleum and natural gas are probably the most familiar hydrocarbons. The hydrocarbons in oil shale can be used as an alternative to petroleum or natural gas.

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MINERAL LANDS LEASING ACT OF FEBRUARY 25, 1920

That deposits of coal, phosphate, sodium, oil, oil shale or gas, ands lands containing such deposits owned by the Unites States, including those in national forests, but excluding lands acquired under the Act known as the Appalachian Forest Act; approved March 1,

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Oil shale reserves - Wikipedia

1 天前  Oil shale formation takes place in a number of depositional settings and has considerable compositional variation. Oil shales can be classified by their composition (carbonate minerals such as calcite or detrital minerals such as quartz and clays) or by their depositional environment (large lakes, shallow marine, and lagoon/small lake settings).Much of the organic matter in oil shale is of ...

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(PDF) Geological Overview of Oil Shale - ResearchGate

Oil shale, also known as kerogen shale, is an organic-rich fine-grained sedimentary. rock containing kerogen (a solid mixture of organic chemical compounds) from wh ich. liquid hydrocarbons called ...

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Shale Oil Is Booming Again in the Permian

Oct 11, 2021  (Bloomberg) -- Oil prices around $80 a barrel are once again spurring a revival of shale drilling in America’s biggest oil field, where production is expected to return to pre-pandemic highs ...

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Mineralogy of shale rocks Info Shale : shale gas oil ...

phosphates, other, in negligible quantities. In terms of origin, most shale rock's constituent minerals are either: allogenic – clasts of rocks and minerals are brought into sedimentary basins, in which the shales are formed, from external sources (predominantly as detritic terrigenous material derived from rock weathering on land).

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Overruling Environment Ministry, planners advance ...

May 08, 2020  The committee also asked the Energy Ministry to comment on the extent to which it would be worthwhile accessing phosphates located beneath the

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Hydrated calcareous oil-shale ash as potential filter ...

Feb 01, 2008  The P-retention in hydrated calcareous ash sediment from oil-shale burning thermal power plants in Estonia was studied. Batch experiments indicate good (up to 65 mg P g −1) P-binding capacity of the hydrated oil-shale ash sediment, with a removal effectiveness of 67–85%.The high phosphorus sorption potential of hydrated oil-shale ash is considered to be due to the high content

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KGS--Energy Resource Series 22--Potential Oil Recovery ...

The possible extraction of phosphate and uranium along with shale oil increases the economic attractiveness of Kansas oil shales. Mineable coals are also associated with oil shales in several stratigraphic intervals and could serve as economic windows for reducing extraction costs of both commodities. In addition, oil shales with economic ...

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Spent Oil Shale Crude Oil and Natural Gas Waste US EPA

What is the regulatory history for oil shale retorting wastes? December 31, 1985: EPA submits a Report to Congress on Wastes from the Extraction and Beneficiation of Metallic Ores, Phosphate Rock, Asbestos, Overburden from Uranium Mining, and Oil Shale (EPA530-SW-85-033).

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Active filtration of phosphorus on Ca-rich hydrated oil ...

May 15, 2009  The purpose of this research was to investigate the phosphorus binding capacity of active filtration through hydrated Ca-rich oil shale ash sediment in a laboratory-scale experiment at different retention times. Three column experiments were established with hydraulic loading rates of 12 L d(-1), 18 L d(-1), and 24 L d(-1), with residence times ...

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(PDF) Phosphorus removal using Ca-rich hydrated oil shale ...

Filter material compounds (humic acids), whereas extensive super-satura- tion of pore-water with respect to Ca2þ and phosphate is The hydrated oil shale ash used in the experiments is a Ca- required for the precipitation of stable Ca-phosphate phases rich industrial by-product that results from the burning of (House, 1999; Arias et al., 2003 ...

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Report to Congress: Wastes from the Extraction and ...

Extraction and Beneficiation of Metallic Ores, Phosphate Rock, Asbestos, Overburden from Uranium Mining, and Oil Shale" presenting the results of studies carried out pursuant to Sections 8002 (f) and (p) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended, (42 U.S.C. SS6982 (f) and (p)).

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Methanogenesis and sulfur-cycling in Eocene phosphatic ...

The precipitation of microcrystalline phosphate is linked directly to the preservation of microfossils, in carbonate oil shale from the Uinta formation of the Eocene Green River Formation. Sampled intervals of this organic-rich carbonate mudrock contain elevated concentrations of carbon and phosphorus (e.g. Keighley, 2018), within which ...

Read More
Regional “Shale Gas” Potential of the Triassic Doig and ...

Triassic Shale Industry Activity Conventional oil and gas exploration in northeast British Columbia of the units described ... phosphate zone, an excellent hydrocarbon source rock and one that may house a potential shale gas target. In 2005, Duvernay drilled 22 wells in the area targeting Doig gas.

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Treated Oil Shale Ashes as a Substitute for Natural ...

May 25, 2020  In the current study, it was shown that treatment of the oil shale ash with the acidic waste of the Israeli phosphate industry or with phosphoric acid significantly improves the properties of the concrete mixtures, by partial replacement of the natural aggregates and

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Mineralogy of shale rocks Info Shale : shale gas oil ...

phosphates, other, in negligible quantities. In terms of origin, most shale rock's constituent minerals are either: allogenic – clasts of rocks and minerals are brought into sedimentary basins, in which the shales are formed, from external sources (predominantly as detritic terrigenous material derived from rock weathering on land).

Read More
Oil shale reserves - Wikipedia

1 天前  Oil shale formation takes place in a number of depositional settings and has considerable compositional variation. Oil shales can be classified by their composition (carbonate minerals such as calcite or detrital minerals such as quartz and clays) or by their depositional environment (large lakes, shallow marine, and lagoon/small lake settings).Much of the organic matter in oil shale is of ...

Read More
Shale Oil Is Booming Again in the Permian

Oct 11, 2021  (Bloomberg) -- Oil prices around $80 a barrel are once again spurring a revival of shale drilling in America’s biggest oil field, where production is expected to return to pre-pandemic highs ...

Read More
Shale Rock: Geology, Composition, Uses - ThoughtCo

Aug 02, 2020  There is siliceous shale (silica), calcareous shale (calcite or dolomite), limonitic or hematitic shale (iron minerals), carbonaceous or bituminous shale (carbon compounds), and phospatic shale (phosphate). The color of shale depends on its composition. Shale with a higher organic (carbon) content tends to be darker in color and may be black or ...

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Phosphatized tungsten-metabolizing coccoid microbes ...

Microscopic globular structures have been observed in some beds of oil shale from eastern Utah. These beds comprise carbonate-dominated mud that is interlaminated with variably thick and continuous organic-rich layers. Collectively they are enriched in phosphorus, REEs, and actinides. The beds are c

Read More
Hydrated Oil Shale Ash Mitigates Greenhouse Gas Emissions ...

Aug 10, 2016  Previous pilot-scale studies have shown outstanding levels of efficiency in phosphorus removal by using hydrated oil shale ash (HOSA) sediments in horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) filters with low greenhouse gas emissions. However, no long-term full-scale experiment has been conducted using this material. From September 2013 to December 2015, two HSSF filters with different hydraulic

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AN INVESTIGATION INTO BENEFICIATION OF JORDANIAN EL

The floatation of oil shale from a mixture of oil shale and phosphate has shown a high recovery of oil shale in the froth since most of the phosphate has stayed in the tailing part. High recovery was achieved using kerosene as a collector and MIBC as a frother. A 99.9% separation of phosphate was

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